Caprolactam (CPL) organic compound has the formula (CH2)5CONH, A lactam (a cyclic amide) of caproic acid is this colourless solid.
Caprolactam is a chemical that is used to make synthetic textiles. Acute (short-term) caprolactam exposure in humans can cause irritation and burning of the eyes, nose, throat, and skin. Workers exposed to caprolactam through inhalation have reported headaches, lethargy, confusion, and nervous irritability. Chronic (long-term) exposure of workers to caprolactam has been shown to induce hand peeling and irritation of the eyes, nose, and throat, but no additional health problems. Caprolactam has not been designated as carcinogenic by the EPA.