12 Types of Casters + Their Functions & Applications

Types of Casters

In the fast-paced world of industry, the ability to mobilize machinery and tools efficiently can be a game-changer. That’s where industrial casters come into play. Linquip, a platform dedicated to offering comprehensive solutions, is here to shed light on the various types of casters available in the industry and how they cater to different needs.


The article provides a detailed guide on the various types of industrial casters, from Swivel and Rigid to specialized ones like Electrically Conductive and Chemical Resistant. Casters are wheel assemblies vital for the mobility of heavy machinery and tools in industrial settings. The right choice of caster ensures efficiency, safety, and longevity in operations. Linquip, as an industrial solutions platform, aids businesses in navigating through the plethora of caster options to find the best fit for their specific needs.


What are Casters?

Casters are wheel assemblies attached to the bottom of objects to enable their easy movement. Primarily found in the industry, these devices can bear heavy loads, allowing for swift transportation within a facility.


Types of Industrial Casters

Here are the most common types of Casters

  1. Swivel Casters
  2. Rigid Casters
  3. Pneumatic Casters
  4. Locking Casters
  5. Spring-Loaded Casters
  6. Stainless Steel Casters
  7. High-Temperature Casters
  8. Dual-Wheel Casters
  9. Electrically Conductive Casters
  10. V-Groove Casters
  11. Ergonomic Casters
  12. Chemical Resistant Casters


Types of Casters Table with Characteristics and Usage

Type of Caster Characteristic Usage
Swivel Casters Rotates 360°; offers multi-directional movement. Furniture, office chairs, and shopping carts; offer versatile movement.
Rigid Casters Fixed; moves only in a straight line. Industrial carts, and platform trucks; when a set path is preferred.
Pneumatic Casters Air-filled tires; smooth ride on uneven surfaces. Outdoor equipment, carts on rough terrains; provides cushioning.
Locking Casters Can lock to prevent movement. Hospital beds, certain furniture; when temporary immobility is needed.
Spring-Loaded Casters Contains springs to absorb shocks. Heavy equipment; protects cargo from sudden jolts.
Stainless Steel Casters Made of stainless steel; rust-resistant. Medical or food service equipment; where cleanliness and corrosion resistance is vital.
High-Temperature Casters Can withstand high temperatures. Bakery racks, ovens, or autoclaves; heat-resistant applications.
Dual-Wheel Casters Two wheels on a single mount. Heavy furniture, electric cabinets; distributes weight more evenly.
Electrically Conductive Casters Dissipates static electricity. Electronic manufacturing, explosive environments; prevents static buildup.
V-Groove Casters Wheels with a V-shaped groove. Industrial tracks; guides caster along a designated path.
Ergonomic Casters Designed for easy movement with reduced force. Warehouses, factories; minimizes strain on workers.
Chemical Resistant Casters Resistant to chemicals and corrosive substances. Laboratories, certain industrial settings; where exposure to chemicals is common.

Please note that this table provides a general overview, and there are many variations within each type based on specific needs, weight capacity, wheel material, etc. Always consider the specific requirements of your application when selecting a caster.


Swivel Casters

Swivel Casters
Swivel Casters (Reference: amazon.co.uk)
  • Function: Swivel casters can rotate 360 degrees, providing great maneuverability.
  • Application: Useful in tight spaces where precise direction control is required.


Rigid Casters

Rigid Casters
Rigid Casters (Reference: amazon.co.uk)
  • Function: Rigid or fixed casters only move in a straight line.
  • Application: Ideal for loads that need to travel long, straight paths.


Pneumatic Casters

Pneumatic Casters
Pneumatic Casters (Reference: amazon.co.uk)
  • Function: These use air-filled rubber tires and can absorb shocks and bumps.
  • Application: Best suited for outdoor use or uneven surfaces.


Locking Casters

Locking Caster
Locking Caster (Reference: amazon.co.uk)
  • Function: Equipped with a braking mechanism to lock the wheel in place.
  • Application: Essential where movement needs to be temporarily halted, like in the case of heavy machinery.


Spring-Loaded Casters

Spring-Loaded Caster
Spring-Loaded Caster (Reference: amazon.co.uk)
  • Function: These have a spring mechanism to absorb shocks and protect the equipment.
  • Application: Used in scenarios where the equipment is delicate and needs added protection from ground conditions.


Specialty Casters

Stainless Steel Casters

Stainless Steel Caster
Stainless Steel Caster (Reference: amazon.co.uk)
  • Function: These casters are resistant to water, steam, and cleaning agents, and can withstand harsh conditions.
  • Application: Ideal for medical, pharmaceutical, and food industries due to their resistance to corrosion and ease of cleaning.


High-Temperature Casters

High-Temperature Bakery Oven Caster
High-Temperature Bakery Oven Caster (Reference: amazon.co.uk)
  • Function: Built to withstand extremely high temperatures without melting or getting deformed.
  • Application: Found in bakeries, smokehouses, and any industry requiring movement in high-temperature zones.


Dual-Wheel Casters

Dual-Wheel Caster
Dual-Wheel Caster (Reference: amazon.co.uk)
  • Function: By distributing the weight over two wheels instead of one, these casters reduce the load each wheel carries.
  • Application: Useful for very heavy equipment or delicate floors that need weight distribution.


Electrically Conductive Casters

Electrically Conductive Caster
Electrically Conductive Caster (Reference: amazon.co.uk)
  • Function: These are designed to dissipate static electricity, reducing the risk of sparking that might cause an explosion in certain environments.
  • Application: Critical in industries dealing with flammable materials, chemicals, and gas to ensure a safe environment.


V-Groove Casters

V-Groove Caster
V-Groove Caster (Reference: amazon.co.uk)
  • Function: These have a V-shaped groove that allows them to run on track lines.
  • Application: Used mainly in industrial settings where there’s a need for equipment or machinery to follow a specific path, such as assembly lines.


Ergonomic Casters

Ergonomic Caster
Ergonomic Caster (Reference: rosscastors.co.uk)
  • Function: These are designed to reduce the initial push force, making it easier for workers to move heavy loads without excessive strain.
  • Application: Vital in settings where worker safety and reduction of physical strain are priorities, like in warehousing or heavy manufacturing units.

Chemical Resistant Casters

  • Function: Specifically designed to resist chemicals, these casters can prevent corrosion and deterioration due to chemical exposure.
  • Application: Primarily used in chemical plants, pharmaceutical industries, and places where equipment might come into contact with harsh chemicals.


Factors to Consider When Choosing Industrial Casters

  • Load Capacity: Ensure the caster can handle the weight of the equipment.
  • Environment: For wet or outdoor environments, corrosion-resistant materials are essential.
  • Maneuverability: Determine if you need precise movement (swivel) or straight-line movement (rigid).
  • Floor Conditions: Pneumatic and spring-loaded casters are best for uneven surfaces.
  • Locking Mechanism: Essential when the equipment needs to be stationed without movement.


Benefits of Using the Right Industrial Casters

  • Efficiency: The right casters can speed up transportation tasks.
  • Safety: Proper casters reduce the risk of accidents caused by equipment toppling or uncontrolled movement.
  • Versatility: With various types to choose from, there’s a caster for every industrial need.
  • Durability: By selecting a caster tailored to your needs, you ensure a longer lifespan of both the caster and the equipment it supports.


Tips for Maintaining Industrial Casters

  • Regular Inspection: Check for any visible damages or wear and tear.
  • Lubrication: Periodically lubricate the bearings to ensure smooth movement.
  • Cleaning: Especially for specialty casters like stainless steel ones, regular cleaning prevents build-up and maintains optimal function.
  • Weight Check: Always ensure the equipment’s weight doesn’t exceed the caster’s capacity.


Linquip’s Role in the World of Industrial Casters

Navigating through the vast world of industrial casters might seem overwhelming, but Linquip makes it straightforward. With a wide range of industrial solutions and a knowledgeable team, Linquip assists industries in making the best decisions based on their unique needs. The platform stands as a testament to the blend of technology and industrial expertise, ensuring that businesses always have access to the best resources available.


How to Choose the Right Caster for Your Business

  1. Understand the Environment: Be clear about where the casters will be used. Indoor environments might have different needs compared to outdoor ones.
  2. Know the Load: It’s not just about the weight but also about how the weight is distributed.
  3. Frequency of Movement: How often will the equipment be moved? Daily, hourly, or even less frequently?
  4. Budget: While it’s essential to buy the best quality, understanding your budget will help in narrowing down options.
  5. Consult with Experts: Platforms like Linquip have professionals who can guide businesses in making the best choice.


Why Trust Linquip for Your Caster Needs?

Selecting the perfect caster is not just about knowing the types but understanding how each type can benefit a particular industry. Linquip, with its extensive knowledge and vast database, stands as a beacon for businesses looking to make informed decisions. By offering insights, expert opinions, and a plethora of options, Linquip ensures that every industry, big or small, finds its perfect match in the world of casters.



The landscape of industrial operations is vast and varied. Casters, as rudimentary as they might seem, are the unsung heroes ensuring smooth operations. With the multitude of types and their specific functionalities, it becomes imperative for businesses to make informed decisions. Linquip, as a leading platform, bridges the gap between the myriad of caster options and industry requirements. In a world that’s continuously moving, ensure that your operations move seamlessly, efficiently, and safely. Trust in Linquip to steer you in the right direction.


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