5 Types of Grinding Machines + Applications & Characteristic

Types of Grinding Machines

Grinding machines, indispensable tools in various industries, have evolved over the years to cater to the unique needs of diverse projects. As technology has advanced, so have the capabilities and functionalities of these machines. At Linquip, we pride ourselves on staying ahead of the curve, providing users with detailed information and specifications about the myriad types of grinding machines available.


Grinding machines are vital tools in many industries, used to remove or shape materials, primarily metals. There are various types of grinding machines, such as Surface grinders, Cylindrical grinders, Centerless grinders, Tool and cutter grinders, and Special grinding machines. Their applications range from creating smooth finishes on flat surfaces, shaping the exterior of objects, and high-volume production without the need for centering, to sharpening and creating intricate shapes for cutting tools. Maintenance and proper training are crucial for their longevity. Linquip offers comprehensive information, expert advice, and user reviews on these machines, staying updated with technological advancements.


Here are the most common types of Grinding Machines

  1. Surface Grinders
  2. Cylindrical Grinders
  3. Centerless Grinders
  4. Tool & Cutter Grinders
  5. Special Grinding Machines


Types of Grinding Machines Table with Characteristics and Usage

Type of Grinding Machine Characteristic Usage
Surface Grinders Horizontal spindle and reciprocating table or vertical spindle and rotary table design. Used to produce a smooth finish on flat surfaces, like metals, plastics, and ceramics.
Cylindrical Grinders Designed with a central axis for holding the workpiece, which can rotate in a cylindrical manner. Shaping the exterior of objects, creating precision cylindrical profiles, often used in manufacturing engine parts.
Centerless Grinders Workpiece is placed between two rotating wheels (a grinding wheel and a regulating wheel) without a spindle. Ideal for high-volume production, often used to grind complex cylindrical shapes without centering or supporting the workpiece.
Tool & Cutter Grinders Multi-axis machines with specialized fixtures. Sharpening and producing intricate shapes for cutting tools like drill bits, end mills, and other milling cutters.
Special Grinding Machines Purpose-built design for specific grinding tasks. Tasks or materials that don’t fit into the typical categories, like camshaft grinding, jig grinding, or belt grinding.

Overview of Grinding Machines

Grinding machines are tools used to remove or shape material, often metal, to achieve a desired finish or precision measurement. They employ an abrasive wheel as the cutting tool, where each grain of abrasive on the wheel’s surface cuts a small chip from the workpiece.

Different Types of Grinding Machines

Grinding machines vary based on the surface they act upon and their operational capacities. Here’s a breakdown:

Surface Grinders

Surface Grinders
Surface Grinders (Reference: warco.co.uk)
  • Often used to produce a smooth finish on flat surfaces.
  • Contains a spinning wheel covered in an abrasive grit.
  • Operates with high precision.

Cylindrical Grinders

Cylindrical Grinders
Cylindrical Grinders(Reference: ajax-mach.co.uk)
  • Used to shape the exterior of an object.
  • The workpiece is rotated and fed past the grinding wheel.

Centerless Grinders

Centerless Grinders
Centerless Grinders(Reference: palmary.com)
  • Does not hold the workpiece in place with a spindle or fixture.
  • Instead, it is positioned on a rest blade and between two rotating cylinders.

Tool & Cutter Grinders

Universal Tool & Cutter Grinder
Universal Tool & Cutter Grinder (Reference: warco.co.uk)
  • A specialty tool used for sharpening and producing cutting tools for milling, drilling, and other operations.

Special Grinding Machines

  • Designed for specific applications or certain types of materials.


Factors to Consider When Choosing a Grinding Machine

When deciding on a grinding machine, consider the following:

  • Purpose: Whether you are deburring, precision grinding, or cutting metal, the type of machine you choose should align with its primary use.
  • Material Compatibility: Different grinders cater to various materials.
  • Size & Space: Ensure the machine fits in your workspace.
  • Cost: While it’s essential to invest in quality, be sure to choose a machine that fits within your budget.
  • Features: Modern machines come with a range of features, from digital readouts to automated cycles. Determine which are necessary for your operations.


Delving Deeper into Grinding Machines

While the broad categorizations help understand grinding machines at a glance, a deeper dive into each type’s nuances can offer invaluable insights, especially when considering an investment.

Surface Grinders

  • Types: There are primarily two types – horizontal-spindle (peripheral) surface grinders and vertical-spindle (wheel-face) grinders.
  • Application: Ideal for metallic and non-metallic workpieces, these machines create a flat, smooth finish. They’re typically used for creating die plates, finishing metal slabs, and shaping polymer-based products.

Cylindrical Grinders

  • Types: These are classified into outside-diameter (OD) grinders and inside-diameter (ID) grinders.
  • Application: Cylindrical grinders are used for shaping camshafts, crankshafts, and other cylindrical parts.

Centerless Grinders

  • Types: Two main types exist – through-feed and in-feed.
  • Application: Perfect for high-volume production, these machines can grind complex shapes without needing center holes or fixtures to hold them.

Tool & Cutter Grinders

  • Application: Beyond tool sharpening, these versatile machines can produce intricate shapes and contours. They’re indispensable in workshops where custom tools are frequently required.

Special Grinding Machines

  • Application: These are purpose-built for specific tasks, like camshaft grinding, jig grinders for high-accuracy contour grinding, or belt grinders for shaping metals and other materials.


Applications in Various Industries

Grinding machines find their applications in numerous fields:

  • Automotive: From engine parts to gears and even aesthetic finishes.
  • Aerospace: High-precision components, turbine parts, and more.
  • Construction: Sharpening tools and creating building materials.
  • Electronics: Semiconductor manufacturing and shaping electronic components.



This table provides a generalized overview of the grinding machine types. The characteristics and usages can further branch out based on specific models and brands.

The world of grinding machines is vast and intricate. As technology paves the way for more advanced machinery, it’s crucial to have a reliable partner that guides and supports you through every choice and decision.

Linquip, with its exhaustive resources, expert collaborations, and commitment to user satisfaction, positions itself as that indispensable partner. As you journey through the realms of grinding, shaping, and finishing, remember that Linquip is here to light the way, ensuring you always make the best decisions for your unique needs.

Thank you for choosing Linquip, your one-stop destination for all things grinding machinery. Here’s to shaping a brighter, more precise future together!


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