9 Types of Roller Conveyors + Usage & Advantages

Types of Roller Conveyors

In the world of material handling, roller conveyors play a pivotal role in ensuring smooth and efficient operations. The Linquip platform, a trusted name in the industry, provides insightful data and resources on various conveyor types. In this article, we’ll delve into the various types of roller conveyors, helping businesses and individuals identify the perfect match for their requirements.


Roller Conveyors: A Quick Guide

  • Roller conveyors are material handling systems that use rollers to transport goods.
  • They come in various types:
    • Gravity Roller Conveyors: Rely on inclines or manual pushes.
    • Powered Roller Conveyors: Use electric motors for movement.
    • Accumulation Conveyors: Allow items to queue without pressure.
    • Chain-Driven Roller Conveyors: Use chains to drive rollers, suitable for heavy items.
    • Line Shaft Roller Conveyors: Use a shaft beneath rollers for power.
    • Flexible Roller Conveyors: Are adjustable and portable.
    • Pallet Roller Conveyors: Designed for transporting pallets.
    • Spiral Roller Conveyors: Allow vertical movement of goods.
  • Modern roller conveyors can be integrated with tech features like automated controls, IoT, and robotics.
  • Linquip offers insights, expert consultation, product listings, and resources about roller conveyors.


What Are Roller Conveyors?

Definition and Usage

Roller conveyors are material handling systems that utilize rollers mounted in series to transport goods. These rollers can be powered in several ways or can rely on gravity. The primary advantage of using roller conveyors is their capability to transport items of varying sizes and weights, ensuring versatility across industries.


Here are the most common Types of Roller Conveyors

  1. Gravity Roller Conveyor
  2. Powered Roller Conveyor
  3. Accumulation Conveyor
  4. Chain-Driven Roller Conveyor
  5. Line Shaft Roller Conveyor
  6. Flexible Roller Conveyor
  7. Pallet Roller Conveyor
  8. Spiral Roller Conveyor


Types of Roller Conveyors Table with Characteristics and Usage

Type of Roller Conveyor Characteristics Usage
Gravity Roller Conveyor – No power source required
– Relies on an incline or manual push
– Warehouses
– Loading docks
– Assembly areas
Powered Roller Conveyor – Uses electric motors
– Consistent speed
– Packaging lines
– Heavy-duty transportation
– Manufacturing plants
Accumulation Conveyor – Sections can be powered or non-powered
– Allows items to accumulate without pressure
– Sorting processes
– Assembly lines with workstations
– Order picking areas
Chain-Driven Roller Conveyor – Uses chains to drive rollers
– Robust construction
– Heavy-duty applications
– Transporting heavy or hot items
– Areas with oils or contaminants
Line Shaft Roller Conveyor – Uses a shaft beneath rollers for power
– Individual rollers can be activated
– Lightweight applications
– Packaging areas
– Sorting processes
Flexible Roller Conveyor – Adjustable and portable
– Can be expanded, curved, and contracted
– Dynamic workplaces
– Loading and unloading vehicles
Pallet Roller Conveyor – Heavy-duty design
– Integrated brake systems
– Transporting pallets
– Warehouses
– Distribution centers
Spiral Roller Conveyor – Vertical design
– Space-saving
– Multi-story facilities
– Transitioning between different floors


Types of Roller Conveyors

As industries differ in their requirements, roller conveyors have evolved into several types to cater to these diverse needs. Let’s explore them:

Gravity Roller Conveyors

Gravity Roller Conveyors Types of Roller Conveyors
Gravity Roller Conveyors (Reference: packingtables.co.uk)

Use: Relies on a slight incline or manual force for movement.


    • Cost-effective
    • Simple in design and easy maintenance.
    • Ideal for lightweight and evenly distributed loads.

Powered Roller Conveyors

Powered Roller Conveyors
Powered Roller Conveyors (Reference: ocon.co.uk)

Use: Employs motors to power the rollers and move the items.


    • Consistent speeds, enhancing efficiency.
    • Can transport heavier items.
    • Adjustable speed settings.

Accumulation Conveyors

Accumulation Conveyors
Accumulation Conveyors (Reference: dornerconveyors.com)

Use: Allows products to queue (accumulate) while waiting for the downstream process.


    • Reduces the risk of damaging goods due to collision.
    • Enables buffer zones, useful for sorting and order picking.

Chain-Driven Roller Conveyors

Chain Driven Roller Conveyors Types of Roller Conveyors
Chain-Driven Roller Conveyors (Reference: omni.com)

Use: Uses chains to drive the rollers. Suitable for transporting heavy items.


    • Robust and durable.
    • Ideal for heavy or hot items.
    • Can handle irregular loads.

Line Shaft Roller Conveyors

Line Shaft Roller Conveyors Types of Roller Conveyors
Line Shaft Roller Conveyors (Reference: conveyorrollers.co.uk)

Use: Uses a shaft beneath the rollers to drive them.


    • Versatile as rollers can be activated individually.
    • Reduces power consumption.
    • Suitable for lightweight items.


Key Factors to Consider When Choosing Roller Conveyors

Selecting the right roller conveyor requires an understanding of your operational needs. Here’s a quick checklist:

  • Load Characteristics: Weight, size, and shape of items.
  • Required Speed: Transportation speed needs.
  • Operation Type: Continuous or intermittent.
  • Environment: Indoor, outdoor, clean, or dusty.
  • Budget: Upfront and maintenance costs.


Applications of Roller Conveyors

Roller conveyors find their uses in a variety of sectors. Here’s a quick glance at some of their primary applications:

Warehousing and Distribution

  • Stock Rotation: Roller conveyors ensure smooth stock rotation, especially in large warehouses.
  • Loading & Unloading: Speeds up the process of loading and unloading trucks and containers.


  • Assembly Lines: Products move through different stages of assembly seamlessly.
  • Packaging: Efficient movement of goods through packing zones.


  • Backroom Operations: Streamlining the process of moving stock to the retail floor.
  • Checkout Counters: Larger retail setups use roller conveyors for handling bulk purchases.


  • Baggage Handling: Ensures swift and efficient movement of baggage from check-in to aircraft and vice versa.


Benefits of Using Roller Conveyors

Investing in roller conveyors can bring a multitude of benefits to your business:

  1. Efficiency: Reduces manual handling, speeding up processes.
  2. Flexibility: Can be easily reconfigured based on changing needs.
  3. Safety: Reduces workplace accidents stemming from manual lifting.
  4. Scalability: Easily expandable as the business grows.
  5. Durability: Built to last, offering value over time.


Maintaining Your Roller Conveyor System

Maintaining the longevity and efficiency of your roller conveyor system is crucial. Here are some maintenance tips:

  • Regular Inspections: Check for wear and tear or any damages to ensure smooth operations.
  • Lubrication: Regularly lubricate the moving parts to reduce friction and wear.
  • Cleanliness: Keep the conveyor free from dust and debris that can hinder its performance.
  • Professional Servicing: Occasionally get a professional servicing done to ensure the conveyor is in its best shape.


Why Choose Linquip for Your Conveyor Needs?

When it comes to roller conveyors, Linquip stands out as a reliable platform offering comprehensive insights, expert guidance, and a vast range of products. Whether you’re starting out or looking to upgrade, Linquip has the expertise and resources you need.


Advanced Types of Roller Conveyors

While we’ve already covered some of the main types of roller conveyors, several specialized variations cater to unique industry requirements:

Flexible Roller Conveyors

Flexible Roller Conveyors Types of Roller Conveyors
Flexible Roller Conveyors (Reference: airoll.in)

Use: Designed to be adjustable and portable. These conveyors can be expanded, curved, and contracted, making them ideal for dynamic workplaces.


    • Portability allows for easy relocation.
    • Adjustable lengths cater to varied requirements.
    • Suitable for loading and unloading vehicles.

Pallet Roller Conveyors

Pallet Roller Conveyors Types of Roller Conveyors
Pallet Roller Conveyors (Reference: numafa.com)

Use: Specifically designed for transporting pallets.


    • Heavy-duty design for increased durability.
    • Integrated brake systems for added safety.
    • Can be combined with other systems for comprehensive solutions.

Spiral Roller Conveyors

Spiral Roller Conveyors Types of Roller Conveyors
Spiral Roller Conveyors (Reference: grabcad.com)

Use: Allows for vertical movement of goods, making them ideal for multi-story facilities.


    • Space-saving due to vertical design.
    • Provides smooth elevation changes.
    • Modular designs allow for easy expansion.


Incorporating Technology with Roller Conveyors

Modern roller conveyors are often integrated with technology for increased efficiency and control:

  1. Automated Controls: Use of sensors and automated control panels to adjust conveyor speeds, stop/start functions, and more.
  2. IoT Integration: Advanced systems provide real-time data tracking, predictive maintenance alerts, and operational analytics.
  3. Robotics: In some cases, robotic arms and AI-driven mechanisms are paired with conveyors for tasks like sorting, packing, and labeling.


How Linquip Supports Your Conveyor Choices

Expert Consultation

Linquip houses a community of industry experts. Users can connect with professionals to discuss specific needs, challenges, and get guidance on conveyor selection.

Detailed Product Listings

With a vast database, Linquip offers detailed product listings complete with specifications, user reviews, and comparison tools. This ensures businesses find the right conveyor match.

Tutorials and Resources

Linquip believes in empowering its users. The platform provides tutorials, articles, and resources on conveyor maintenance, technology integrations, and more.



Roller conveyors, while simple in concept, have evolved dramatically to serve diverse and complex industrial needs. From basic gravity systems to tech-integrated advanced conveyors, the choices are vast. The challenge lies not just in selecting the right conveyor but in optimizing its use, maintaining it well, and integrating it seamlessly into operations. As industries advance, the lines between machinery and technology blur, ushering in a new era of automated material handling. Through all these advancements, Linquip remains a steadfast companion to industries, guiding them, supporting them, and offering solutions that truly make a difference. Dive into the world of Linquip and discover the future of roller conveyors today.


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